About Animal Health
History of veterinary service in Nepal is not so long as it was deemed necessary with the outbreak of Cattle plague in the country. Series of Rinderpest (Cattle Plague) outbreaks in different parts of country highlighted the need of veterinary services and its role in disease control. To control the Rinderpest outbreak in Kathmandu Valley, veterinary dispensary was established at Tripureshor in 1996 B.S. (1939 A. D). It is marked as the pioneer activity for the development of Animal Health and livestock related services in Nepal. Later on in 1940 A.D. the veterinary dispensary was upgraded to Veterinary Hospital.
With the detection of Rinderpest in different parts of the country, veterinary services was extended in different parts as and when required to contain the outbreaks of Rinderpest, now eradicated from the world. Thirty three veterinary hospitals, 21 veterinary dispensaries and 4 animal quarantine check-posts were established by 1960 A.D. With the realization of need of efficient veterinary service throughout the country, veterinary hospitals were established in 75 districts accordingly by 1983 A.D.
At present, under the Ministry of Agricultural Development (MOAD) and Department of Livestock Services (DLS), there is a strong network of national veterinary services at central, regional, district and service center level. At the central level, Directorate of Animal Health (DAH) is responsible for managing overall animal health related activities throughout the country. Under the DAH, Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratories, Vaccine Production Laboratories, Animal Quarantine Offices, Veterinary Public Health office, Veterinary Drug Administration and Quality Control Office, Central Veterinary Hospital and Veterinary Epidemiology Center functions to deliver veterinary services. At the regional level Regional Directorate of Livestock Services (RDLS), Regional Veterinary Laboratories (RVL) and Animal Quarantine Office functions to deliver veterinary services. Moreover at district and sub-districts, 75 District Livestock Services Office (DLSO) along with livestock service centers cater veterinary services at grass-root level. District Livestock Services Offices with the service centers carry out livestock related services in package including animal health, disease surveillance, animal breeding, animal nutrition, training and extension. Besides, veterinarians, paraprofessionals including Village Animal Health workers in private sectors are also actively involved in primary animal health care and disease reporting activities.